How To Treat A Hand Burn

Surely this has happened to you before – you have prepared something good on the stove and you have burned your arm or arm. But you may not have been able to take care of the wound properly at the time or assess its extent and severity. In our article, we therefore bring you information on how to ensure your safety and treat burns in a few steps.

Situation assessment

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Secure your surroundings. Stop the original activity immediately after the burn. Secure the area by extinguishing the flames or turning off the hob to prevent further injury to you or others. If you have caused an uncontrollable fire, leave the area immediately and call the fire department.

If it is a chemical burn, stop the activity and clean up the whole area. If possible, remove the chemical from the skin. For dry chemicals, use a dry brush or rinse the burn with cold water.

If it is an electric burn, turn off the power source and move away from any lines and wires.

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Call for help. If the fire in your house gets out of hand, call 150 immediately and report the incident. If you are burned by chemicals and are unsure of possible side effects, call the appropriate line (112 or 155). In the event of an electrical burn, call 112, especially if the power line is still active or if the burn is caused by high voltage wires or lightning.

If you are not sure whether the wires are still piercing, be sure not to touch them directly. Move them with a dry, non-conductive material, such as a dry piece of wood or plastic.

People who have suffered electrical burns should seek medical attention immediately, as electricity can react negatively with the body’s natural electrical impulses and cause serious side effects.

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Assess the severity of the hand burn. Look at the burned area on your hands and evaluate its damage. Note the specific location and evaluate the appearance and specific characteristics of the injury. This procedure will help you determine the degree of burns you have suffered. Burns are divided into first, second and third degree burns, depending on the depth to which they hit the skin. First-degree burns are the mildest, while third-degree burns are the most severe. Different procedures are used to treat each degree of burns.

If the burn is in the palm of your hand, you should seek medical attention quickly. This type of injury can lead to long-term incapacity.

If you have a circular burn on your fingers (meaning that the burn runs around several fingers), seek medical attention immediately. This type of injury prevents blood circulation and even requires amputation of the fingers in severe untreated cases.

Treatment of first degree burns

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Detect a first degree burn. First-degree burns affect only the upper layer of the skin, ie the epidermis. This type of burn will be a little swollen, red and painful. After squeezing the wound, the skin may turn white for a few moments. If you notice only reddened skin and no blisters or open wounds appear, you have suffered a first-degree burn.

A doctor’s visit is recommended for first-degree burns, especially if they hit the hand, face, respiratory tract, feet, groin, buttocks or large joints.

Sunburn is the most typical example of a first-degree burn, unless blisters appear on it.

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Treat first degree burns. If you have determined from the appearance of the wound and the feeling that the burn corresponds to the first degree, move quickly (but calmly) to the sink. Put your hand or arm under the tap and let cold water run on it for 15-20 minutes. This will remove all the heat from the skin, which will help prevent inflammation of the wound.

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You can also soak the affected area in a bowl of cold water for a few minutes. This will also help to remove heat from the skin, reduce inflammation and prevent scarring.

Do not use ice for cooling. If you leave it in place for too long, frostbite may occur. In addition, contact with ice could damage the skin around the wound.

You should also not blow or butter it in the morning. This will not help you and will increase the risk of infection.

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Take off your jewelry. The burned area can swell and, if you have rings, bracelets or watches on your hands, can also cause a painful reaction, block blood circulation or cut jewelry into your skin.

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Apply aloe or ointment to burns. If you grow aloe vera at home, break off one of the lower leaves near the center of the plant. Then cut the leaf lengthwise and apply the gel directly to the burn. You will immediately feel the cooling effect. Aloe is a very good remedy for first-degree burns.

If you do not have the aloe vera plant, you can buy 100% aloe vera gel in the store and store it at home in the refrigerator.

Do not apply aloe to open wounds.

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Take painkillers if necessary. Freely available analgesics, such as Brufen, Ibuprofen, Ibalgin and others, are considered safe for short-term use.

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Continue to monitor the burn. The burns will get worse within a few more hours after the onset. After rinsing and treating the wound, observe its development and make sure that there is no transition to the second stage. If the burn begins to resemble the second degree, consider a visit to the doctor.

Treatment of second degree burns

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Detect a second-degree burn. Second-degree burns are more severe than first-degree burns because they extend beyond the epidermis and damage the lower layer of the skin (dermis). However, this does not mean that you will need to seek medical treatment at all costs. These burns will be dark red and blisters will appear around them. Compared to the first stage, they will be more swollen, spotty and red. They can also look damp and shiny. The burned area itself may be pale or discolored.

If the burn is larger than 8 centimeters, treat it immediately as a third degree and seek medical attention.

Common causes of second-degree burns include scalding, exposure to fire, contact with a very hot object, severe sunburn, or contact with chemicals or electricity.

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Take off your jewelry. The burned area can swell and, if you have rings, bracelets or watches on your hands, can also cause a painful reaction, block blood circulation or cut jewelry into your skin.

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Rinse the burn. The treatment of second-degree burns is almost the same as first-degree burns. As soon as you suffer this type of injury, quickly but calmly, move to the sink and keep your hand under running water for at least 15 to 20 minutes. This will remove all the heat from the wound and reduce the risk of infection. If blisters appear, do not try to squeeze or pierce them – they help the skin to heal. Piercing blisters can cause infection and, as a result, prolong the healing time.

Do not add ice or butter to the wound. Also, do not blow on it as this will increase the risk of infection.

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Apply antibiotic cream or ointment. As second-degree burns penetrate deeper into the skin, they are at greater risk of infection, so you must apply an antibiotic cream to the injury and then bandage or tape it.

Silver sulfadiazine is a popular antibiotic ointment for burns. It can often be purchased freely, without the need for a medical prescription. Use a lot of ointment to soak into the skin for as long as possible.

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Clean a cracked blister. If the blister breaks on its own or inadvertently, do not panic. Clean it with mild soap and clean water. Then apply antibiotic ointment to the area and cover it with a new patch or bandage.

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Change bandages every day. Burn dressings should be changed daily for possible infection. Take off the old bandage and throw it away. Then rinse the wound with cold water without using soap. Do not rub the skin and let the water run for a few minutes. Then dry the burned area with a clean towel, apply a burn cream, antibiotic ointment or aloe vera gel and let it heal. Finally, bandage the treated wound with a sterile bandage.

Once the wound has healed or is almost invisible, you will no longer need a bandage.

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Prepare homemade honey ointment. The use of honey for burns is supported by several studies, although it is still considered by doctors to be an alternative treatment. Take a teaspoon of honey and cover the burn with it. Just spank him on it. Honey is a natural antiseptic that can prevent the ingress of bacteria and at the same time does not cause any damage to the surrounding healthy skin. The low pH of honey and its high osmolarity then help the healing itself. For these purposes, it is more appropriate to prefer medicinal honey.

Research suggests that honey is a more suitable alternative than conventional prescription drugs containing silver sulfradiazine.

You should change the bandages every day. However, if your burn dries more often, you should also bandage it more often.

If you cannot cover the wound, reapply it every six hours. This procedure can soothe burns as well.

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Continue to monitor the burn. The burns will get worse within a few more hours after the onset. After rinsing and treating the wound, observe its development and make sure that there is no transition to the third stage. If the burn begins to resemble third degree, seek medical attention immediately.

During healing, notice the signs of infection, such as purulent discharge, fever, swelling, or increased redness of the skin. If you notice similar symptoms, see a doctor immediately.

Treatment of third degree burns and other serious burns

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Recognize severe burns. We can consider serious burns that are located on large joints or spread over large parts of the body. A burn is also serious, which causes complications of vital functions for the affected person, or limits him / her in normal activities. Such an injury should be treated immediately by a specialist as a third degree burn.

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Detect a third degree burn. If your burn is bleeding or a little blackened, then it is probably a third degree. Third-degree burns affect all layers of the skin – the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous fat. They can be white, brown, yellow or black. The skin also looks dry and fluffy. Unlike first and second degree burns, the third degree is not as painful because the nerves have been damaged or completely destroyed. These burns require immediate medical attention. Therefore, call the emergency number or go to the emergency room.

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Infections can easily get into these burns and the skin may not grow properly.

If your clothes interfere with such burns, do not try to pull them out. You better get help right away.

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Take care of the situation. If you or someone in your area suffers a third-degree burn, call 112. Immediately while waiting for an ambulance, make sure the person is aware of their surroundings. This is usually detected by a slight shake. If there is no response to shaking, check for signs of movement and breathing. If the person is not breathing, start first aid, if you are familiar with their procedure.

If you are unsure of the first aid procedure, you can ask the emergency dispatcher for help. If you do not know how to use first aid, do not try to clear the airway or give mouth-to-mouth breathing under any circumstances. Instead, focus only on regular chest compressions.

Place the victim on the back. Kneel to his shoulders and rest your hands on the center of his chest. Then tilt so that your shoulders are directly above your arms and stretch your elbows. Then start compressing the chest at about 100 compressions per minute.

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Take care of the burnt person. While waiting for rescuers to arrive, remove any obstructing clothing and jewelry. However, if these things somehow interfere with the wound, leave them in place and wait for help. Removing them could tear the skin and cause further injury. You should also keep him (or yourself) warm, as you can easily fall into a shock in case of serious injuries.

Do not soak the wound in water as with mild burns. This could lead to hypothermia. If possible, raise the burned part of the body above the level of the heart – this will reduce the swelling.

Do not take any painkillers. You must not take anything that could adversely affect professional intervention and treatment.

Do not puncture blisters, scrape dead skin or apply aloe or any balms.

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Cover the burn. If possible, you should try to cover the wound to prevent infection. You must use something non-sticky, such as a light gauze or a damp bandage. If the bandage sticks to the wound due to its extent, wait for the ambulance to arrive before removing it.

You can use plastic wrap. Plastic foil can serve you well to temporarily effectively cover the wound. The wound foil protects and prevents the access of external organisms.

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Get medical treatment at the hospital. Upon arrival at the hospital, the staff will pick you up quickly and treat you effectively. They will probably infuse your lost electrolytes first and then cleanse your wound, which can be very painful. You might get some analgesics because of that. Various ointments or creams will be applied to your wound, followed by a sterile bandage. If necessary, it will create a warm and humid environment around your wound, which will support the healing process.

In addition, a nutritionist can design a high-protein diet to promote healing.

In some cases, your doctor will talk to you about the possibility of a subsequent skin transplant. This involves removing a skin graft from another part of the body that covers the burned area.

Expect hospital staff to provide you with information on how to properly change the bandages. After discharge from the hospital, the bandages will need to be changed regularly. Keep in touch with your doctor to make sure the treatment is correct.

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